Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, could increase if Britain votes to leave the EU. Most of the environmental regulations that control fracking come from Europe and a vote for Brexit could allow the UK government to scrap these laws.
The current government is in favour of reducing the environmental controls on fracking and allowing more sites to be opened up for oil and gas exploration. Current legislation requires oil and gas companies to undertake a suite of environmental surveys and assessments to ensure that their operations do not damage the environment or human health, but these could be removed in the event of a Brexit. Furthermore, objectors to fracking would no longer be able to appeal to the European Courts to challenge planning decisions in favour of fracking.